The sun’s powerful magnetic fields create dark spots where hot gases boil from below. Captured one of the largest solar telescopes on Earth in sharp detail.
Stunning new images of a massive dark spot in the sun looks like a heart or a burning flower.
The sunspot – where strong magnetic fields boil hot gases from the inside – is about 10,000 miles across. It is wide enough to have some moving room inside the earth.
The world’s largest solar laboratory, Daniel K., on the island of Moai, Hawaii. The Innoi Solar Telescope captured the event on January 28 in an unprecedented way. The National Science Foundation, which owns the telescope, released a picture and video of the sunlight on Friday.
“The sunspot image reaches a spatial resolution 2.5 times higher than before, showing magnetic structures as small as 20 kilometers above the surface of the sun,” said Thomas Rimmel, co-director of the NSFP’s National Solar Laboratory, which operates the telescope. News release.
The sun’s magnetic field reduces atmospheric pressure in the most powerful places, which lowers the temperature. In this case, the dark point is 7,500 degrees Fahrenheit.
The flower-petal-like lines emanating from the dark spot bubble from below the surface from the contact between the magnetic fields and the hot gases.
This rolling process is visible in the video clip below. It captures one and a half minutes of real-time solar activity, which is shortened to four seconds. The frame is about 12,000 miles across.
Inouye will help predict a violent eruption in the sun
The Inouye telescope made a splash when it released its first observations in January. Although the telescope is not yet complete, The first images of the sun It was clearer than any previous telescope.
This powerful lens can help scientists unravel the mysteries of space weather and even predict solar events that are dangerous to humans.
This is because the entire solar system sits within the outer boundaries of the Sun’s atmosphere. Magnetic and electrically charged particles from the sun constantly wash the planets in a constant current called solar wind. This magnetic current creates an aurora when it interacts with the Earth’s atmosphere. But violent explosions in the sun send out a surge of electrically charged particles that damage vital technology.
By using Inno to study the dynamics of these phenomena, scientists can begin to predict them.
Innoi may help solve the main mystery: why the Sun’s corona is 500 times hotter than its surface. Astronomers are finding it difficult to understand this phenomenon Since the 1940s.
Construction of the telescope was due to be completed in June this year, but epidemic pushed it to 2021.
“The start of telescopic operations has been somewhat delayed by the impact of the global epidemic of COVID-19,” said David Popolts, project director for NSF’s Inuyasha.
But “this film reflects an early preview of unprecedented abilities that facilitate our understanding of the sun.”
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